A Quant fund is a hedge fund that uses statistical techniques, mathematical modeling, and automated algorithms, rather than fundamental analysis and human judgment, to make investment decisions and execute trades. Much has been written about Quant funds over the past few years and far from being complex the methodology behind a Quant fund is relatively straightforward.

Hedge funds are usually based offshore for tax reasons and secrecy. They are not suitable for ordinary retail investors, but there are still some hedge funds that are accessible through retail - oriented hedge fund exchanges, such as those that trade shares of public investment firms. By investing in a hedge fund holing company or overall corporate entity an individual investor may be able to see some exposure to the gains of the fund without directly investing in the offshore

Hedge funds use various forms of leverage to generate high returns, and they do so by investing in credit lines, hoping that the return will be higher than the interest rate. They buy securities with leverage, which means they use brokers "money for large investments. Hedge funds also trade in derivatives that they believe carry asymmetric risks, and these bets are placed against themselves. With leverage, hedge funds raise returns, but increase the risk of failure and increase losses, because

There are two types of hedge fund investments: equity and bond investments. Investment funds primarily invest in stocks and bonds that deliver returns that replicate or try to beat the benchmark index. Hedge funds can seek absolute returns or employ several more complex strategies, including short selling, leverage and derivatives, and seek returns in the range of 10% to 20%.